The history of Iran, commonly also known as Persia in the Western world, is intertwined with the history of a larger region, also to an extent known as Greater Iran, comprising the area from Anatolia, the Bosphorus, and Egypt in the west to the borders of Ancient India and the Syr Darya in the east, and from the Caucasus and the Eurasian Steppe in the north to the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman in the south.
The objects and their iconography are unlike anything ever seen before by archeologists.
There are records of numerous other ancient civilizations on the Iranian Plateau before the emergence of Iranian peoples during the Early Iron Age.
The Early Bronze Age saw the rise of urbanization into organized city states and the invention of writing (the Uruk period) in the Near East.
Many are made from chlorite, a gray-green soft stone; others are in copper, bronze, terracotta, and even lapis lazuli.
Recent excavations at the sites have produced the world's earliest inscription which pre-dates Mesopotamian inscriptions.